This exhibition explores, in an exhaustive and completely new way, the strong, lasting and fruitful relationship that the painter Fernand Léger (1881-1955) had with the seventh art throughout his work.
As a film lover, set designer, poster designer, theorist, director, producer and even actor, all the facets of Fernand Léger's involvement in the film world are evoked in this presentation.
It was during the First World War, while on leave in 1916 with his friend Guillaume Apollinaire, that Fernand Léger discovered Charlie Chaplin, a real revelation for the painter. From 1919 onwards, Léger's works reflected the influence of the cinematographic image on his artistic approach: the illustrated books produced in collaboration with the poets Blaise Cendrars and Yvan Goll played with the vocabulary of the cinema by introducing close-ups, typographical research and kinetic effects.
As early as 1925, Fernand Léger declared: " The cinema is thirty years old, it is young, modern, free and without tradition. This is its strength [...]. Cinema personalizes the fragment, it frames it and it is a new realism whose consequences can be incalculable." When he uttered this sentence, Fernand Léger had just made his first film, Ballet mécanique, in 1924, the result of a collective artistic effort with Man Ray, Dudley Murphy and the composer Georges Antheil. This avant-garde film, which animates and alternates, in a rapid and jerky montage, everyday objects, characters and geometric figures, still ranks today among the undisputed masterpieces of experimental cinema. The genesis of the film, its influences, the different versions produced by the artist, as well as its critical reception and posterity in France and abroad, will be presented.
The exhibition also evokes Léger's first contributions to the cinema: the poster projects and the animation of the credits for Abel Gance's film La Roue, or the poster and set design for the futuristic laboratory of L'Inhumaine. This prestigious 1924 film by Marcel L'Herbier brought together other great designers of the 1920s, such as the architect Robert Mallet-Stevens, and the furniture and costume designers Pierre Chareau and Paul Poiret.
Other film projects followed in the 1930s before the collective adventure, strongly influenced by the surrealist aesthetic, of the film Dreams that money can buy, directed in 1947 by the painter and filmmaker Hans Richter, to which the artists Marcel Duchamp, Max Ernst and Alexander Calder also contributed.
Films, paintings, archives, and photographs help us to understand this fascinating subject in all its richness and modernity and to highlight the totally multidisciplinary dimension of Fernand Léger's work.
Exhibition curator :
Anne Dopffer, general curator, general curator of heritage, director of the National Museums of the 20th Century in the Alpes-Maritimes
Julie Guttierez, curator, heritage curator at the Fernand Léger National Museum
This exhibition is organised by the National 20th Century Museums of the Alpes-Maritimes at the Fernand Léger National Museum and by the Réunion des musées nationaux - Grand Palais.
Visuel : Fernand Léger, Le Ballet mécanique (détail, vers 1923-1924). Film 35 mm en noir et blanc silencieux. Coréalisation: Dudley Murphy. Collaboration: Man Ray. Musique: Georges Anthiel. © Centre Pompidou, MNAM-CCI. Distr. Rmn-Grand Palais / images Centre Pompidou, MNAM-CCI © ADAGP, Paris, 2021.
Exhibition open every day except Tuesdays and May 1st.
from May 1st to October 31st: from 10 am to 6 pm
1 November to 30 April: 10am to 5pm.
Ticket sales stop 30 minutes before the museum closes.
The entrance ticket includes access to the permanent collection and a multilingual audio guide.
Exhibition rates :
Full price: 7.50 €
Reduced rate: 6 €
Group rate (minimum 10 people): 7 € per person